The employer’s obligation to pay temporary total disability benefits continues until the employee’s medical condition stabilizes and he reaches maximum medical improvement, the court said in Interstate Scaffolding Inc. v. The Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission.
Union carpenter Jeff Urban suffered work-related head, neck and back injuries in 2003.
Later, in 2005, after returning to work on light-duty assignment, Urban “engaged in a brief heated argument” with another employee and was subsequently fired for defacing company property with religious slogans.
When Interstate terminated Urban, the firm also refused to pay his TTD benefits. Additionally, in July 2005, a workers’ comp arbitrator found Urban was not entitled to TTD benefits subsequent to his termination.
But the Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission modified the arbitrator’s ruling, finding that Urban was entitled to TTD benefits of $1,004.41 per week.
Interstate appealed, and a circuit court confirmed the commission’s decision. But an appeals court reversed, and Urban appealed to the Illinois Supreme Court. The Illinois AFL-CIO, the Illinois Association of Defense Trial Counsel and the Illinois Self-Insurers Association all filed amicus briefs in the case.
Urban’s side argued that a benefits award should be determined by whether the claimant’s injury has stabilized, not by a dismissal.
Interstate argued that an employer may cease paying TTD benefits “if the injured employee commits a volitional act of misconduct that serves as justification for his termination,” the court’s opinion shows.
But the state Supreme Court disagreed with the employer. It said Illinois law allows the discharging of at-will employees for “any reason or no reason,” but whether an employee has been discharged for a valid cause or violation of public policy “are matters foreign to workers’ compensation cases.”
It reversed the appeals court and reinstated the award provided to Urban by the Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission.