Mike D’Amico, director of compensation, benefits, staffing and HRMS at Cognos Inc., is a career fair convert. With 3,500 employees and high growth, the business intelligence software company is actively recruiting sales, customer support, R&D and finance employees and signed up more than 150 new employees this year for its Canadian facilities alone, with 60 of those hired through a career fair that the company hosted on May 7.
Cognos typically recruits with an in-house team for nonexecutive hires and a third party for senior-level positions in its headquarters in Ottawa, Ontario, and Burlington, Massachusetts. But in the spring of 2005, the company had too many open positions. "We started to see the market tighten, so we scheduled the career fair," D’Amico says.
Cognos held the fair at its Ottawa facilities and staffed it with 140 employees who volunteered to work at the Saturday event. The total cost was US$55,000, spent mostly for radio spots and other advertising and for the CDs about the company that each attendee received.
Cognos made it clear in advertising for the fair that the bulk of the jobs were highly technical and required experience in the high-tech industry. Its objective was to fill 70 open positions, including 40 R&D jobs. The company also wanted to invigorate its pipeline and launch a branding and marketing initiative to aid future recruiting efforts. "We wanted to use the fair to get out information about the value proposition that Cognos has to offer," D’Amico says.
Low cost, high quality
The half-day Cognos fair pulled in 1,800 attendees, with some candidates arriving hours before the doors opened. Candidates passed through a prescreening process that routed 375 "yes" candidates and 500 "maybe" candidates to specific areas for each position. The rest were routed to a "not likely" table.
"Almost half of the 1,800 were high-quality candidates, and this far surpassed our expectations," D’Amico notes. Additional screening and short interviews with hiring managers generated more information about each candidate, with 200 finalists invited to return for an extended interview at the firm.
Offers went out within a week. Cognos hired 35 attendees directly and an additional 25 through referrals from attendees or candidates who applied online because of the fair. One of the hires was placed in a senior director position and has already been promoted to vice president. "We considered it a resounding success to get 60 hires out of one day’s activities, and on a cost-per-hire basis, it was incredibly cheap," D’Amico says. "There’s no way we could have spent the money more effectively."
Cognos went out of its way to ensure that unsuitable candidates left the fair with a positive image of the event and the company. Some were counseled about the additional training they might need to work in the high-tech industry; all left with handouts to help them in their job search. "We treated them with dignity and they walked away with something of value," D’Amico says.
As a pipeline-building event, the fair was a huge success. Before the fair, Cognos received 50 to 150 online applications a day. "This jumped 200 percent when we were publicizing the fair and then another 200 percent in the month after the fair," D’Amico reports. With the pipeline re-energized, Cognos has cut time to fill by 45 percent for hiring completed since the fair.
With a cost of less than $1,000 for each hire and benefits that reach well beyond the immediate recruiting results, Cognos has now decided to hold fairs on a regular basis. "It was so successful that we are now planning to have a biannual or annual fair, depending on our level of hiring," D’Amico says. The employees who worked the fair received meals and a personal thank you, and became more committed to the company, he reports. "This was a great side benefit of the fair. The employees were energized and excited to see the firm grow by bringing in good talent."
Using career fairs to hire direct from industry works well for IT companies such as Cognos that are looking for specific skills and experience. They also work well in accounting, where labor markets are tight and firms are looking for new graduates because of the severe shortage of candidates with three to seven years of experience. Rachlin Cohen & Holtz, a regional independent accounting firm based in Miami, has turned to campus career fairs as the best method for filling positions. The firm has found that job expos not associated with colleges do not draw sufficient numbers of public accountants because of the tight labor market conditions.
Rachlin goes head-to-head with the Big Four and other large regional accounting firms when it recruits new accountants and staff. The company hits fairs at Florida colleges in the spring and fall, with on-campus interviews conducted the day after a fair and office visits scheduled for the following week. It also pays some of its interns a stipend to become the firm’s campus representative when they return to school.
"The labor market for accountants has tightened so more firms are recruiting at the fairs," notes Marc Grad, director of human resources. At the fall 2005 University of Florida fair, Rachlin manned its booth with two partners and two staff members, including one recent graduate who knew many of the students and could establish an immediate connection for the firm.
The company’s representatives talk to anywhere from a few dozen candidates at smaller fairs to a few hundred candidates at large fairs such as the one at the University of Florida. After that fair, Rachlin followed up with 24 on-campus interviews the next day, and then invited 12 finalists for an office visit. Out of the 12, Grad expects to make five offers.
After the spring 2005 fairs, the company made 24 offers and received 17 acceptances. "We were thrilled," Grad recalls. "That’s a very high acceptance rate in this market." Grad believes that the quality of hires at the career fairs is generally higher than it is through other sources.
But competition for the top candidates is tough.
"At the fairs, the Big Four put on a glossy dog and pony show, followed by spa and golf outings," Grad says. In contrast, Rachlin candidates meet with a managing partner and spend a day at the firm. This year, the firm developed a new pitch based around the idea that it offers candidates a "big-firm experience with a small-firm feel," where new hires work with clients as large as Big Four clients and gain more hands-on experience and variety in their assignments. "It’s been a successful differentiation," he reports. "We have a better story to tell and we’re attracting higher quality candidates."
Rachlin uses signing bonuses only as a last resort. With the Big Four often offering a salary that is 10 percent higher, Rachlin tries to close the gap with a direct call to the candidate from a managing partner and a $1,000 signing bonus. "It’s not all about money, fortunately," Grad says. "A direct call from a managing partner is worth a lot. New graduates want opportunities." The firm has also added a new benefit that covers the costs of review courses for the CPA exam.
The tighter markets have pushed up salaries in accounting, and in the spring of 2005, Rachlin found that it was lagging in the market. The firm has just completed a massive round of increases. "This spring, we increased salaries 10 percent to 20 percent for new recruits, which caused compression elsewhere in the organization, so we had to give bonuses and across-the-board merit increases of up to 28 percent," Grad says.
Career fair comeback
"Hiring through career fairs is a veritable bargain," Grad says. "In addition to filling our immediate hiring needs, we get to eyeball other firms, and there are great marketing opportunities. We can build a pipeline by talking to younger students who can be slotted into internships. Also, candidates at the fairs have their own sets of friends that they can refer to us. The fairs provide a lot of bang for your buck if you look at the exposure you gain and the number of people you reach."
With job growth improving at most companies, career fairs are making a comeback as an effective recruiting tool. In October, Compuware Corp. held an invitation-only fair for IT candidates in Montreal to fill 100 open positions. Qualcomm, the wireless technology giant, hit five different recruiting fairs for minority candidates this fall in addition to two dozen campus fairs. Industry fairs for pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies often draw more than 1,000 candidates.
Career fairs allow companies to balance the high-tech approach to recruiting with high-touch methods and strengthen their recruiting pipelines, which will become increasingly important as labor markets continue to tighten in many industries. As Cognos and Rachlin have discovered, fairs are a fast, inexpensive method for achieving face time with high-quality candidates and building the employment brand in all the right places.