On June 10, Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner proposed a series of changes to how companies determine executive compensation. Among them was allowing shareholders to have a nonbinding vote on executive compensation and an effort to reduce incentives that result in executives taking excessive risks.
Specifically, the administration wants companies to replace short-term bonus plans with more long-term incentive plans, such as granting restrictive stock.
If passed into law, these proposals could mark a sea change for financial services firms, which largely rely on mammoth annual bonuses to recruit and retain talent, experts say.
“The days of an individual producer making a $20 million bonus in a year are going to decline,” says David Swinford, president and CEO of Pearl Meyer Partners, a New York-based executive compensation consultant.
The challenge for HR and compensation professionals will be to figure out how to define risk and structure compensation in a way that makes sense, experts say.
“What’s troubling about this idea of defining risk is that when you look at the blowup we are living in right now, it didn’t seem incredibly risky before it happened,” says Alan Johnson, a New York-based compensation consultant. “Who thought we could go broke on mortgages?”
To address this, compensation and HR executives will have to work closely with their compensation committees to develop an analysis that assesses the risk of their companies’ incentive plans, says Andrew Goldstein, co-practice leader of executive compensation in North America for Watson Wyatt Worldwide.
While the proposals have to still go through Congress, experts agree that these changes along with Obama’s call for increased regulation of financial services companies will result in these companies changing the profile of their ideal job candidates.
“I do think that HR will put more emphasis on people who follow rules well as opposed to the super-entrepreneurial types,” Swinford says.
The days of getting rich quick on Wall Street are over, and that means companies are going to want employees who have a longer term perspective, says Jack Dolmat-Connell, CEO of DolmatConnell & Partners, a Boston-based executive compensation consulting firm.
All of the increased regulation over the financial services industry may make it harder for these firms to attract and retain talent, Goldstein says.
“The question is whether those people who would have otherwise been attracted to work in this industry still want to do so, given more government regulation,” he says. “I think some of the bloom is off the rose.”