A group of software tools that provides a range of analytical capabilities, from advanced reporting to sophisticated analysis using complex algorithms.
A specialized repository of data, often fed from a enterprise-wide data warehouse. Specific departments or functions such as HR, finance or sales typically use it.
A group of analytical applications that search for patterns in a database.
A large database designed to support decision making in organizations. A data warehouse is typically batch-updated and structured for rapid online queries and managerial summaries.
A summary of data that exists in a data warehouse. Metadata provides the user with a directory to locate the contents of the data warehouse.
OLAP (Online Analytical Processing):
Software for manipulating multidimensional data from a variety of sources that have been stored in a data warehouse. The software can create various views and representations of the data.
DSS (Decision Support Systems):
Interactive computer-based systems which help decision makers utilize data and models to identify and solve problems.
EIS (Executive Information Systems):
A system that provides specific decision aiding and/or analysis capabilities.
Workforce & Softworld, February 1999, p. 18.