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The Dwindling Number of Employees per Retirees

A table showing how many employees there are for each Social Security beneficiary in the United States.

May 29, 2004

The following table, using information from Social Security administrators in the United States, shows the number of employees per beneficiary covered under the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance Trust Funds. The data showing the years 2004 to 2041 is projected.

Calendar Year

Workers per beneficiary

1990 3.39
1991 3.31
1992 3.26
1993 3.25
1994 3.25
1995 3.27
1996 3.30
1997 3.34
1998 3.38
1999 3.41
2000 3.40
2001 3.37
2002 3.33
2003 3.30
2004 3.31
2005 3.32
2006 3.31
2007 3.30
2008 3.27
2009 3.24
2010 3.20
2011 3.15
2012 3.09
2013 3.03
2014 2.97
2015 2.91
2016 2.84
2017 2.78
2018 2.73
2019 2.66
2020 2.60
2021 2.55
2022 2.49
2023 2.44
2024 2.39
2025 2.34
2026 2.30
2027 2.26
2028 2.23
2029 2.20
2030 2.17
2031 2.15
2032 2.12
2033 2.10
2034 2.09
2035 2.08
2036 2.07
2037 2.06
2038 2.06
2039 2.05
2040 2.05
2041 2.05