Under Romney's plan, 30 percent or more of the under-65 population in nine states—Arkansas, California, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, South Carolina and Texas—would be left uninsured by 2022, which the report says would increase the number of uninsured in every state.
As chairman of the House Budget Committee, Ryan drafted budgets for fiscal years 2012 and 2013 that include plans to overhaul the nation's federal healthcare entitlement programs through a premium-support model for Medicare and block grant payments to states for Medicaid.
As expected, the Republican Party promises massive changes to the Medicare and Medicaid programs if former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney and Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wisconsin) are elected president and vice president.
The Institute of Medicine's nearly 300-page report is a response to Department of Health and Human Services' request for the IOM's recommendations about the process the HHS secretary should use to define and update essential health benefits.