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Labor and Benefits Expenses in Supermarkets

Charts showing how much money is spent on labor and benefits in grocery stores, broken down by store size.

January 30, 2004
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Related Topics: Benefit Design and Communication, HR & Business Administration
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T he following charts from the Food Marketing Institute show:

    Labor Expenses as a Percentage of Sales
    Benefits Expenses as a Percentage of Sales

    The data comes from supermarkets in the United States, generally defined as retail food stores with at least $2 million in annual sales.

Store Labor Expense as a Percentage of Sales
  Median 25th Percentile 75th Percentile Number Participating
All Stores 9.4% 8.7% 9.8% 1,518
Annual Sales
Under $10 million -- -- -- 2
$10.1 – $50 million 12.5 11.8 13.7 10
$50.1 – $100 million 12.4 10.4 13.5 17
$100.1 – $500 million 10.0 9.5 11.4 194
$500.1 million – $1 billion 10.9 9.4 10.9 306
$1.1 – $5 billion 8.7 5.9 9.1 500
Over $5 billion 9.8 4.9 9.8 489
Number of Stores Operated
1 Store -- -- -- 0
2 – 10 Stores 11.4 10.2 12.4 49
11 – 100 Stores 10.2 9.1 10.9 566
101+ Stores 9.3 5.9 9.8 903
Independents (1 – 10 stores) 11.4 10.2 12.4 49
Chains (11+ stores) 9.4 8.7 9.8 1,469
Average Weekly Sales per Store
Under $100,000 -- -- -- 2
$100,000 – $199,999 13.5 10.4 13.5 18
$200,000 – $299,999 10.0 9.1 10.9 278
$300,000 – $399,999 8.7 5.9 8.7 437
$400,000 and Over 9.8 9.3 9.8 783
Store Format
Conventional 11.2 10.0 11.5 1,072
Superstore 9.5 9.1 10.8 1,325
Combination Store 8.9 4.6 11.1 376
Warehouse Store 9.6 0.1 9.6 131
Limited Assortment Store 6.0 5.8 6.0 77
Note: Individual company data weighted by number of stores it represents.
(–) Data for questions answered by three or less companies were deleted to ensure anonymity.


Store Employee Benefits as a Percentage of Sales
  Median 25th Percentile 75th Percentile Number Participating
All Stores 3.4% 2.7% 4.4% 1,518
Annual Sales
Under $10 million -- -- -- 2
$10.1 – $50 million 2.0 2.0 3.5 10
$50.1 – $100 million 4.5 3.3 4.7 17
$100.1 – $500 million 3.9 3.3 4.4 194
$500.1 million 2.9 2.6 3.8 306
$1.1 – $5 billion 3.4 2.9 3.4 500
Over $5 billion 4.4 1.9 4.4 489
Number of Stores Operated
1 Store -- -- -- 0
2 – 10 Stores 4.3 3.3 4.5 49
11 – 100 Stores 2.9 1.7 3.9 566
101+ Stores 4.0 2.9 4.4 903
Independents (1 – 10 stores) 4.3 3.3 4.5 49
Chains (11+ stores) 3.4 2.7 4.4 1,469
Average Weekly Sales per Store
Under $100,000 -- -- -- 2
$100,000 – $199,999 3.3 3.3 4.5 18
$200,000 – $299,999 2.9 1.7 3.7 278
$300,000 – $399,999 2.9 2.6 3.4 437
$400,000 and Over 4.1 3.9 4.4 783
Store Format
Conventional 4.1 2.9 4.9 923
Superstore 3.4 2.0 4.3 1,325
Combination Store 3.8 3.1 3.8 376
Warehouse Store 1.8 1.8 2.6 280
Limited Assortment 1.8 1.2 1.8 77
Note: Individual company data weighted by number of stores it represents.
(–) Data for questions answered by three or less companies were deleted to ensure anonymity.

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