I’ve long argued that employers take a risk when they use social media to vet job candidates without putting in place sufficient controls to prevent the disclosure of protected Equal Employment Opportunity information. Now, we have the empirical evidence to back me up.
Last week, the Wall Street Journal reported on a research study conducted by Carnegie Mellon University:
The study, … involving dummy résumés and social-media profiles, found that between 10% and a third of U.S. firms searched social networks for job applicants' information early in the hiring process. In those cases, candidates whose public profiles indicated they were Muslim were less likely to be called for interviews than Christian applicants. The difference was particularly pronounced in parts of the country where more people identify themselves as conservative. In those places, Christian applicants got callbacks 17% of the time, compared with about 2% for Muslims.
Thus, even though employers avoid asking applicants about taboo hiring subject such as religion, social media profiles, which might contain information such as quotes from religious tests or a “like” for one’s place of worship, could lead to the inadvertent discovery of an applicant’s religion, opening the door to unconscious and unintentional biases.
What is the answer to this problem? According to one lawyer quoted in the WSJ article, “[I]t’s not a good idea to use social media as a screening tool.”
That view, however, is short-sighted. It ignores all of the valid, legal information one can learn about an applicant from their social media pages — references to illegal drug use, posts of sexual or racist nature, poor communication skills, the disclosure of confidential information, or the trashing of an old boss or employer. The trick is discovering this “good” information while, at the same time, screening out the “bad” protected EEO information. How does a company accomplish this task? My answer to this question hasn’t changed:
Don’t let anyone in the chain of hiring view candidates’ social media profiles. Train an employee who is insulated from the hiring process to do your social media searches, scrub all protected information, and provide a sanitized report to those responsible for making the hiring decision. That way, no one can argue that protected information posted on a social network illegally influenced a hiring decision.
For more information on this timely and important issue, please join me on December 5 at 1:00 pm, when I’ll be the special guest on a webinar hosted by Newton Software, entitled, Avoiding the Biggest Pitfalls of Social Recruiting.
Written by Jon Hyman, a partner in the Labor & Employment group of Kohrman Jackson & Krantz. For more information, contact Hyman at (216) 736-7226 or firstname.lastname@example.org. You can also follow Hyman on Twitter at @jonhyman.